People think Filmmaking is fun, but we have never thought that it is always been a lot of work with commitment and stress. Knowing filmmaking is a long process when you go into the details behind it. Film making involves the employment of a large number of people and, at times, it takes several years to complete. There are many film schools, colleges worldwide. But basic steps are same.
Film production is divided into these stages:
In this stage, the film maker’s idea, or a story found by the producer, is transformed into a usable script. Development may also start with a Director and/or Writer pitching an idea to a Producer. These are steps of Script Writing:
- One line
- Finance and distribution
- Script and Screenplay
Pre production process in Filmmaking:
If you want to become filmmaker then you must focus on this step. Because “how much you prepare in pre-production or work in pre-production; chances of success increases in film making.” If you are unprepared in pre-production or work less, then you won’t know how to shoot, how to manage time & money and other things are lost if you don’t work on pre-production. Pre-production is intellectual process in video production.
If you want to write a best script you must be aware what is happening around you. Means current affairs, news, events, community, myths, etc. also you need to read books to build more experience. After script writing process next is Building Character. No doubt it is visual, but characters play the main role. People remember the characters the most. So build strong character and simple story. Locations are needed for character performance which brings your story to life. After location hunting, you need more ideas about framing and composition. For every scene, you need to collect costumes and allocate them, equipments like camera and lights position needs to be defined, editing done, production crew managed, and film budget allocated. These all are also to be considered in pre-production process.
If you work on preproduction then don’t worry, it’s easier after that. It is practical work with team. Everyone is doing their job in their department. If any department is not doing well then retakes will have to be done. So every part of team camera, direction acting, sound costume, makeup, etc. must focus on that decisive shot to achieve that Director’s vision. Practice makes man perfect. So prepare preproduction well.
Principal photography is usually the most expensive phase of film production, generally due to actor, director, and set crew salaries, the costs of certain shots, including any props or on-set special effects. It is extremely uncommon for finance to be withdrawn once principal photography has commenced, and it is usually regarded as a catastrophe.
As soon as you’re on set, be proactive about requesting various departments to prop key elements and big setups well in advance. Keep the line of communication open with various departments. Check-in throughout the day. Get estimates, but don’t forget to follow-up. Add some pressure softly. Make sure your crew reads the call sheet schedule. This can align everyone behind the goal.
After taking shoot now it’s time to make a film. It means Editing. Editing is the most important part of film making. If you are best film editor then you are best director. You know what shot you want to take and how to take it? Post production, somehow, is the part of the process that intimidates people most. Post production is not difficult as long as you take it step by step. All you need is to know about post-production and finishing your film in the order they appear below.
- Pick an editor format
- Hire a picture and sound editor
- Do Automatic Dialogue Replacement
- Secure music and effects
- Get Recording/the mix
- Get your Titles and Digital cinema package
- Get a Dialogue script
- Campaign image and Trailer
Once again, the shoot (production) is outrageously difficult and overwhelming, but the edit (post-production) is a very calm and do-able process. So relax and just do it one step at a time.
This is the final stage, where the film is released to cinemas or occasionally, to consumer media or direct download from a provider. The film is duplicated as required for distribution to cinemas. Press kits, posters, and other advertising materials are published and the film is advertised and promoted.
Film distributors, usually release a film with launch party, press releases, interviews with the press, press preview screenings, and film festival screenings. The film plays at selected cinemas and the DVD typically is released a few months later. The distributor rights for the film and DVD are also usually sold for worldwide distributors. The Distributor and the production company share profits.